To learn about the KKK Riots of 1923 in Perth Amboy, see this documentary on Vimeo:
Here is the city historian Anton Massopust, Katherine's father, relating his account of the story of how Perth Amboy residents drove the KKK from the city before they could gain a foothold here:
I have been endeavoring for many years to create a comprehensive resource for Perth Amboy teachers on the history of our incredible city. Fortunately many knowledgeable people have been eager to put a huge amount of work into preserving this information for future generations. The city historian, Anton Massopust, took 20 of my Shull school students on a three hour walking and bus tour of our historic city free of charge. Learning from him was like a trip through a time machine. My students were in awe. Here are some videos I took of him sharing his knowledge:
|Peace and Plenty by George Inness was painted in Perth Amboy and was given to Marcus Spring as payment for the house that Mr. Spring built for Mr. Inness in Eagleswood, the progressive artist colony started by Rebecca and Marcus Spring in Perth Amboy NJ. Eagleswood was known as a haven for runaway slaves, a resting place at the end of the Underground Railroad.|
Mr. Massopust also mentioned that the great wildlife sculptor, Edward Kemeys lived in Eagleswood. Click here to read about this famous artist and here to see examples of his art from the Smithsonian Collection.
The Mayor was out of town on city business but the staff at City Hall were gracious enough to let us into her office. Mr. Massopust even mentioned that she was his former student.
"Perth Amboy is also home to the oldest City Hall in continuous use in the
United States, built during 1714-1717 or 1718, to serve as the County courthouse and jail. It burned in a fire in 1731 and was not rebuilt until 1745. It was again burned in 1765 or 1766 when a man named Martin, angered by his earlier imprisonment in the City Hall on debt charges, allegedly set fire to the building. It was rebuilt in 1767. City Hall contained court chambers, rooms for the Provincial Assembly until 1775, and was used as a schoolhouse and for community meetings. It was in City Hall that the State of New Jersey became the first state to ratify the Bill of Rights."*
*Information on Perth Amboy's Historic City Hall courtesy of the city's official website:
One of my students asked me recently; "If Perth Amboy is so important historically, why don't more people come here to learn about US history?" The answer to this question is in the video below. Mr. Massopust explained to them that in Colonial times Perth Amboy was known to be predominantly populated by loyalists to the crown. When the rebels ended up winning the war things did not go well for the loyalists. They were exiled to Nova Scotia where some of their descendants still live to this day.
"Perth Amboy is home to the only official Royal Governor’s Mansion still intact since
*Information on the Proprietary house courtesy of the city's official website http://ci.perthamboy.nj.us/the-history-of-perth-amboy.html
Mr. Massopust did not want to discuss the ghosts in the Proprietary house with young students but those who are curious about them can watch this video on Vimeo:
Another local historian I would like to pay homage to is the late Evelyn Serado. She was a third grade teacher at Number 10 school on Smith Street in Perth Amboy. She researched the history of this great city and created this wonderful coloring book for young children. I scanned one of the original books and present it to you here in it's entirety:
If you visit the historic city hall in Perth Amboy they will give you the wonderful pamphlet below. It is a walking tour of all the historic sites in the city. Many teachers have copies of this walking tour and use it in their classrooms. I scanned my copy so that students would have access to it. Here is a PDF document that you can read or print.
Here are some photographs of a few of the buildings mentioned in the walking tour:
Below is a very unusual house on Water Street in Perth Amboy. Gothic revival architecture in New Jersey is most commonly used on churches. It is quite uncommon to see a Gothic Revival style residence. The pointed arch window and ginger bread detail indicate that this house was built, like so many others in the area, during the Victorian era.
|On State Street, across from William C. McGinnis School, is the Masonic Temple. The portico is meant to recreate the look of an ancient Greek temple. This style of column and pediment was used in both Greek and Classical Revival architecture.|
|Another beautiful mansion on High Street in Perth Amboy|
First Baptist Church, Perth Amboy NJ
Gothic Revival Style with architectural details created at the local Terracotta Factory
Interior of the First Baptist Church, stained glass window
Here are some details of Saint Mary's Catholic Church in Perth Amboy. The pointed arches immediately identify it as Gothic Revival.
Many beautiful Gothic Revival Churches were built in Perth Amboy in the late 1800's. Below is a photograph of Our Savior Danish Lutherine church, erected in 1889
|This is the rectory of Saint Peter's Church. It is located on Rector Street and was also built in the Gothic Revival style.|
Perth Amboy Terra Cotta Company
|Three Kilns at the Perth Amboy Terra Cotta Factory|
Below are some sculptures that were created at the Terra Cotta factory in Perth Amboy. They are at the Yacht Club today on Water Street
|Terra Cotta Mural of The Three Little Pigs from the Perth Amboy Children's library|
Thomas Mundy Peterson School
|The late Fran Tripka, a school librarian from Perth Amboy, collected a wonderful archive of historic material on a website called the Historic Perth Amboy Virtual Museum.|
This postcard depicts Thomas Mundy Peterson School on State Street in Perth Amboy. It was the first public school built in the city, right after the Civil War. It was originally called 'School Number 1'.
Here is a more recent photograph of this wonderful example of Italianate architecture:
Who was Thomas Mundy Peterson and why is he important to the history of Perth Amboy? To answer that question, you need to go back in a time machine to March, 1870 right after the passage of the 15th amendment to the US constitution, giving African Americans the right to vote. The late William C. McGinnis, school superintendent and city historian, until his death in the early 1960's, explains Mr. Peterson's story best in his series of books:
Both Mr. Peterson and Dr. McGinnis are buried in Saint Peter's Cemetery. Saint Peter's Church houses the oldest Episcopalian congregation in the Americas.
|Saint Peter's Church and Cemetery|
|My students from William C. McGinnis School (where I used to teach) thanking Mr. Peterson in 2014|
Anton Massopust, our city historian, directed me to William Whitehead's History of Perth Amboy, 1856. Available as an ebook for free! And here is what he wrote about the property McGinnis School is on, before there was a School.
|Details of the historic plaster work in the lobby of |
McGinnis School. Created in 1936 by Herbert T. Silbermann
William C. McGinnis school was built in 1899 in the Jacobean style. This style of architecture originated in England during the reign of King James after the great fire of London. After the fire the new rules were all buildings in London had to be faced with either brick or stone (no more wood) and the front of the building had to extend higher than the roof line to act as a fire break.
Inside the William C. McGinnis School auditorium
Photo credit Thomas Rhetig
The plaster mural above depicts the progress and enlightenment of human kind. This celebration of human achievement was created by Herbert T. Silbermann in 1936 and is on the left side of the lobby as you enter McGinnis School. In the center of the mural is Prometheus bringing fire down from Mount Olympus
Detail from the right hand mural depicts General John J. Pershing, the Wright Brothers, carrying a model airplane and aviator goggles and Clara Barton, the founder of the Red Cross, carrying a Red Cross flag.
Below are links to my 360 panorama photographs of the lobby of William C. McGinnis School:
Below are links to my 360 panorama photographs of the lobby of William C. McGinnis School:
By special request I am including some photographs of the historic 'Halls of Ivy' that so many remember when they think back with pride to their days at the original Perth Amboy High School, courtesy of the late Fran Tripka and the Historic Perth Amboy Virtual Museum.
|The Halls of Ivy, Perth Amboy High School, Circa 1935|
Now William C. McGinnis School
|The Woman on the right was Mr. Massopust's Mother|
She was the art teacher at Perth Amboy High School
Photograph from the 1937 PAHS High School Periscope
|These historic murals, painted by high school students in 1934, were covered over in the 1990's during a renovation. There was some talk of trying to preserve them but it was decided that they were in too poor condition to be salvaged.|
Photos of the Cafeteria
Courtesy of Perth Amboy Public Library
Article is from Perth Amboy Evening News
250th Anniversary Supplement
Perth Amboy, New Jersey
Monday, June 11, 1934
Special thanks to Anton Massopust for the wonderful three hour historic tour, the late Evelyn Serado for the magnificent coloring book resource, the late Dr. William C. McGinnis for his amazingly detailed history of Perth Amboy, the late Fran Tripka for her incredibly informative blog, the late William Whitehead for his amazingly informative book and Christopher Garrick, vice principal of McGinnis School, and Michael Heidelberg, principal of Samuel E. Shull school, for helping to rescue the writing of Dr. McGinnis and preserve it for generations to come and always supporting me whenever I have an idea.